APPENDIX C – ZONING REGULATIONSAPPENDIX C – ZONING REGULATIONS\ARTICLE 4. ZONING DISTRICTS

A.    Off-street parking and loading as required by Article 5.

B.    Accessory and temporary uses and home occupations as permitted by Article 6.

C.    Signs as permitted by Article 7.

This district is established for the purpose of medium density single-family dwelling use and to allow certain community facilities. It is intended that no uses be permitted in this district that will tend to devalue property for residential purposes or interfere with the health safety order or general welfare of persons residing therein. Regulations are intended to control density of popula­tion and to provide adequate open space around buildings and structures to accomplish these purposes.

A.    Permitted Uses.

1.    Single-family detached dwellings, residential-design manufactured homes and group homes as defined in Section 2-101.

2.    Churches and similar places of worship and parish houses.

3.    Golf courses, including accessory club houses, but not separate driving ranges and miniature golf courses operated for commercial purposes.

4.    Public and private schools, educational buildings for primary intermediate and secondary schools including administrative centers transportation centers recreation areas spectator sports facilities and the like. All such uses must be located on land which has a plat approved by the City and recorded with the County Register of Deeds.

B.    Special Uses.

1.    Public buildings erected or land used by any agency of the City, or a township, county or state government not otherwise provided for in these regulations.

2.    Buildings either existing or new construction for principal uses to be determined by application.

3.    Cemeteries, private or public.

4.    Public and private utility uses as follows: electric and telephone substations; gas regulator stations; pumping stations; and water towers and standpipes. (See Section 3-103(G) for lot size and bulk regulations.)

C.    Conditional Uses.

1.    Two-family dwellings.

2.    Adult and child care centers and preschools.

3.    Adult care homes exceeding the limit on the number of adults as a home occupation.

4.    Bed and breakfast homes and guest houses.

5.    Earth-sheltered dwellings, provided that the design is compatible with adjacent properties including such items as drainage, parking and accessory structures.

6.    Swimming, tennis, racquetball and similar recreational club activities and related clubhouses.

D.    Lot Size Requirements.

1.    Minimum lot area:

a.     Dwellings permitted by Section 4-101(A)(1): 7,500square feet.

b.    Two-family and earth sheltered dwellings: 8,000 square feet.

c.     All other uses: 10,000 square feet.

2.    Minimum lot width:

a.     Dwellings permitted by Section 4-101(A)(1): 70 feet.

b.    Two-family and earth sheltered dwellings: 80 feet.

c.     All other uses: 80 feet.

3.    Minimum lot depth: 100 feet.

E.    Bulk Regulations.

1.    Maximum structure height: 35 feet.

2.    Yard requirements:

a.     Minimum front yard: 25 feet on all sides abutting a street except that on corner lots one of the yards may be reduced to 15 feet however 20 feet shall still be required for yards on that portion of a yard with driveway access to a permanent parking space, e.g. a garage.

b.    Minimum side yard: 8 feet.

c.     Minimum rear yard: 25 feet.

3.    Maximum lot coverage: 30%

F.    Use limitations.

1.    No outdoor storage shall be permitted as defined by Section 2-101.

This district is established to permit various types of low density multiple-family dwelling units with compatible community facilities and certain special and conditional uses yet retain a basic residential quality. It is not intended generally for single-family type use, except as incidental to the area.

A.    Permitted Use.

1.    Any permitted use all owed in the R-1 Residential District.

2.    Single-family attached, not exceeding two, and two-family dwellings.

3.    Multiple-family dwellings.

4.    Adult and child care centers and preschools.

5.    Boarding or rooming houses.

B.    Special Use.

1.    Any special use allowed in the R-1 Residential District except cemeteries.

2.    Campgrounds.    (See Section 2-102 for definition.)

3.    Funeral homes and mortuaries including live-in facilities.

4.    Hospitals; medical, dental and health clinics; and professional medical offices.

5.    Multiple dwelling units for the elderly and handicapped whereby density and parking requirements may be varied from the standards otherwise required by these regulations.

6.    Nursing and convalescent homes, retirement centers and assisted living facilities.

7.    Rehabilitation houses and residential centers.

8.    Public and private utility uses as follows: electric and telephone substations; gas regulator stations; pumping stations; and water towers and standpipes. (See Section 3-103(G) for lot size and bulk regulations.)

C.    Conditional Uses.

1.    Adult care homes exceeding the limit on the number of adults as a home occupation.

2.    Bed and breakfast homes and guest houses.

3.    Swimming, tennis, racquetball and similar recreational club activities and related clubhouses.

D.    Lot Size Requirements.

1.    Minimum lot area:

a.     Dwellings permitted by Section 4-102(A)(1): 6,500 square feet.

b.    Single-family attached and two-family dwellings: 7,200 square feet.

c.     Multiple-family attached dwelling units: 3,000 square feet per dwelling unit, but no zoning lot shall be less than 10,000 square feet.

d.    All other uses: 10,000 square feet.

2.    Minimum lot width:

a.     Dwellings permitted by Section 4-102(A)(1): 60 feet.

b.    Two-family dwellings: 70 feet.

c.     Multiple-family dwellings: 80 feet.

d.    All other uses: 70 feet.

3.    Minimum lot depth: 90 feet.

E.    Bulk Regulations.

1.    Maximum structure height: 35 feet.

2.    Yard requirements:

a.     Minimum front yard:25 feet on all sides abutting a street except that on corner lots one of the yards may be reduced to 15 feet however 20 feet shall still be required for yards on that portion of a yard with driveway access to a permanent parking space, e.g. a garage.

b.    Minimum side yard:

(1)   Dwellings permitted by Section 4-102(A)(1): 7 feet.

(2)   Single-family attached and two-family dwellings: 6 feet on each side except for the common lot line of an attached dwelling. *

       (See Section 2-101 for definition of “dwelling, attached”.)

       *See City Subdivision Regulations if available, for procedures for approval of lot splits.

(3)   Multiple-family dwellings: 5 feet.

(4)   All other uses: 8 feet.

c.     Minimum rear yard: 20 feet.

3.    Maximum lot coverage: 40%.

F.    Use limitations.

1.    No outdoor storage shall be permitted as defined by Section 2-101.

This district is established to group the main retail merchandising activities into a concentrated area serving the general shopping needs of the City and its trade area. The grouping of related activities which are compatible is intended to strengthen the Central Business District.

A.    Permitted Uses.

1.    Animal hospitals and clinics limited to the care, treatment and grooming of small animals, where all activities take place within a completely enclosed building.

2.    Antique, gift shops and florist.

3.    Assembly places both private and public including churches and similar places of worship, fraternal and service clubs and senior citizen centers.

4.    Bakeries, including retail and wholesale sales.

5.    Business, professional and public offices and financial institutions, including drive-up windows.

6.    Establishments employing not more than five persons in construction businesses such as plumbing heating air conditioning and electrical work, but not woodwork such as mill work. (See Section 4-103(F) for outdoor storage.)

7.    Hotels, motels and bed and breakfast homes and inns.

8.    Laundries and dry cleaning establishments, including self-service.

9.    Dwelling units constructed in conjunction with and above the first floor of business establishments.

10.  Newspaper, publishing and printing firms.

11.  Parking lots or parking garages.

12.  Restaurants, but not drive-ins.

13.  Retail businesses including pawn shops. (See Section 2-101 for definition of RETAIL BUSINESS.)

14.  Second-hand stores.

15.  Service businesses such as repairing watches jewelry, shoes office machines and appliances; dress making and tailor shops; barber and beauty shops locksmiths and the like as well as personal services such as physical fitness and tanning salons.

16.  Studios; art music dance photographic and radio and television.

17.  Theaters.

B.    Special Uses.

1.    Public buildings erected or land used by any agency of the City, or a township, county or state government not otherwise provided for in these regulations.

2.    Clubs and taverns.

3.    Mini-storage facilities for inside rental storage only.

4.    Lumber yards.

5.    Other special uses not specifically listed as a permitted, special or conditional use but which are in keeping with the intent of Section 4-103 and compatible with the uses permitted in Section 4-103(A).

C.    Conditional Uses.

1.    Auction houses.

2.    Automobile service stations, sale of gasoline at convenience stores and car washes.

3.    Commercial recreational activities and amusements centers, indoor only. (See Section 2-101 for definition of AMUSEMENT CENTER.)

4.    Drive-in restaurants.

5.    Garages repair. (See Section 2-101 for definition of GARAGE.)

6.    Sale lots for new and used vehicles.

7.    Storage of goods and equipment not otherwise related to a principal use of the premises.

D.    Lot Size requirements.

1.    Minimum lot area:          None.

2.    Minimum lot width:        20 feet.

3.    Minimum lot depth:        50 feet.

E.    Bulk Regulations.

1.    Maximum structure height: 45 feet.

2.    Yard requirements:

a.     Minimum front yard: None

b.    Minimum side yard: None but if there is one provided it shall not be less than 5 feet.

c.     Minimum rear yard: None but if there is one provided it shall not be less than 5 feet.

3.    Maximum lot coverage: A building structure or use may occupy all that portion of the lot not otherwise required for the yard regulations.

F.    Use Limitations.

1.    All business servicing storage and display of goods, except for small recycling collection centers and parking lots, shall be conducted within completely enclosed structures unless approved as a conditional use by the Board of Zoning Appeals or as part of an application for a special or other conditional use.

This district is established to provide for certain retail sale of convenience goods and for service establishments not generally in the Central Business District and to recognize existing businesses. Off-street parking is required and also screening in where necessary to reduce possible adverse environmental effects on adjacent residential properties.

A.    Permitted Uses.

1.    Animal hospital or clinic with all activities indoors. (See Section 2-101 for definition.)

2.    Automobile supply store.

3.    Grocery and convenience stores for food and related items.

4.    Department and discount stores.

5.    Garden stores.

6.    Hotels motels and bed and breakfast homes and inns.

7.    Liquor stores.

8.    Restaurants including drive-up windows.

9.    Self-service laundries.

B.    Special Uses.

1.    Public buildings erected or land used by any agency of the City or a township, county or state government not otherwise provided for in these regulations.

2.    Assembly places both private and public including churches and similar places of worship and fraternal and service clubs.

3.    Campgrounds. (See Section 2-102 for definition.)

4.    Contractors building and offices. (See Section 4-104(F)(3) for Outdoor Storage.)

5,    Other special uses not otherwise specifically listed as a permitted special or conditional use, but which are in keeping with the intent of Section 4-104 and compatible with the uses permitted in Section 4-104(A).

C.    Conditional Uses.

1.    Car washes.

2.    Commercial recreational activity and amusement centers, both indoor and outdoors. (See Section 2-101 for definition.)

3.    Drive-in establishments. (See Section 2-101 for definition.)

4.    Garages, repair. (See Section 2-101 for definition.)

5.    Mini-storage facilities for inside rental storage only and personal storage structures.

6.    Sales lots for new and/or used vehicles including recreational vehicles.

D.    Lot Size Requirements.

1.    Minimum lot area: 10,000 square feet.

2.    Minimum lot width: 70 feet.

3.    Minimum lot depth: 120 feet.

E.    Bulk Regulations.

1.    Maximum structure height: 35 feet.

2.    Yard requirements:

a.     Minimum front yard: 35 feet on all sides abutting a street.

b.    Minimum side yard: None but if a side yard is provided it shall not be less than 10 feet.

c.     Minimum rear yard: None but if a rear yard is provided it shall not be less than 10 feet.

3.    Maximum lot coverage: A building structure or use may occupy all that portion of the zoning lot not otherwise required for off-street parking or the yard regulations.

F.    Use Limitations.

1.    No new building shall be used for residential purposes.

2.    Exterior lighting fixtures shall be shaded so that no direct light is cast upon any property located in a residential district.

3.    All business servicing storage and display of goods shall be conducted within completely enclosed structures or screened from public view unless approved as a conditional use by the Board of Zoning Appeals or as part of an application for a special or conditional use.

This district is designed for industrial uses which do not require large amounts of land; generate modest amounts of traffic; are consistent with the capacity and availability of public and private services create limited environmental problems in the way of odor smoke dust glare vibration or sounds; and do not permit the intermixing of residential uses.

A.    Permitted Uses.

1.    Agricultural feed grain and fertilizer mixing storage and sales.

2.    Agricultural and oil equipment sales, repairs and storage.

3.    Animal hospitals or clinics with indoor or outdoor facilities.

4.    Assembly, manufacture or repair of electrical and mechanical appliances, instruments, machinery and the like.

5.    Automobile truck and recreational vehicle sales storage repairs garages and washing facility.

6.    Building material production storage and sales including manufactured housing and lumberyards.

7.    Clothing and textile manufacturers.

8.    Construction equipment distribution, repair, storage and sales.

9.    Contractor’s buildings and offices, including equipment and storage area.

10.  Food manufacture, distribution and storage.

11.  .Furniture manufacture and repair and upholstery shops.

12.  Garden stores, greenhouses and hydroponic farming.

13.  Laundry, dry cleaning and dyeing works.

14.  Manufactured products such as: bags, brooms, concrete products, jewelry, paper goods, pharmaceutical products, plastics, sporting and office equipment, and the like.

15.  Metal fabrication and assembly.

16.  Printing and publishing companies.

17.  Sale lots for new and used vehicles including recreational vehicles.

18.  Sign shops and service.

19.  Transportation firms including vehicle storage areas.

20.  Utility substations and water towers.

21.  Wholesale businesses storage warehouses; mini-storage facilities, including indoor and outdoor storage; and personal storage structures.

B.    Uses Not Permitted.

1.    Acid manufacture.

2.    Cement, lime, gypsum or plaster of Paris manufacture.

3.    Creosote or tar treatment.

4.    Distillation of bones.

5.    Explosives manufacture or storage, including fireworks.

6.    Fat rendering.

7.    Fertilizer manufacture.

8.    Garbage, offal or dead animal incineration or reduction.

9.    Glue or soap manufacture.

10.  Petroleum processing and refining.

11.  Primary smelting of base metals from ore.

12.  Stockyards or slaughterhouses.

13.  Tanning, curing or storage of rawhides or skins.

C.    Special Uses.

1.    Public buildings erected or land used by any agency of the City, or a township, county or state government not otherwise provided for in these regulations.

2.    Bulk storage for retail or wholesale distribution and not used as an accessory part of a normal manufacturing process of such items as anhydrous ammonia and other products which may be considered as highly explosive, combustible or of a volatile nature.

3.    Recycling processing centers. (See Section 2-101 for definition.)

4.    Salvage yards. (See Section 2-101 for definition.)

5.    Public and private hazardous waste facilities. (See Section 2-101 for definition.)

6.    Other uses not specifically listed as a permitted, special or other conditional use, but which are in keeping with the intent of Section 4-105 and compatible with the uses permitted in Section 4-105(A). Such other uses may also include retail and service businesses which provide a particular direct service to the indus­trial uses or serve as a convenience to the employees thereof or the community as a whole.

D.    Conditional Use.

1.    Asphalt and concrete mixing plants.

2.    Dog kennels, including outside runs.

3.    Large recycling collection centers, (See Section 2-101 for definition.)

E.    Lot Size Requirements.

1.    Minimum lot area:          None.

2.    Minimum lot width:        None.

3.    Minimum lot depth:        None.

F.    Bulk Regulations.

1.    Maximum structure height: 45 feet exclusive of grain elevators.

2.    Yard requirements:        

a.     Minimum front yard: 35 feet on all sides abutting a street.

b.    Minimum side yard: No minimum requirement but if a side yard is provided it shall be not less than 15 feet.

c.     Minimum rear yard: No minimum requirement, but if a rear yard is provided, it shall be not less than 15 feet.

3.    Maximum lot coverage: 75%.

G.    Use Limitations.

1.    No new building shall be used for residential purposes except that a watchman or custodian may reside on the premises inside an industrial use structure or in a manufactured or mobile home.

2.    Outdoor operations display and storage is permitted which is related activity to the principal use except that only parking and display areas are permitted in the minimum front yard setback.

3.    There shall be no emission of dust, noise, odor or vibration which shall be detectable as a nuisance beyond the lot line.

This district may be applied as an overlay district in combination with any underlying zoning district. By limiting specific uses or requiring more restrictive development standards to individual projects or specific properties this district is intended to:

(1)   ensure compatibility among incompatible or potentially incompatible land uses;

(2)   ease the transition from one zoning district to another;

(3)   address sites or land uses with special requirements; and

(4)   guide development of unusual situations or unique circumstances.

Development standards include but are not limited to lot sizes bulk requirements use limitations off-street parking and loading provisions, accessory structures and uses sign standards miscellaneous requirements of Section 3-103 and screening and landscape requirements of Section 3-104.

A.    Use and Development Standards. This district can be used to modify and restrict the use and development standards of an underlying zoning district. All requirements of this district are in addition to and supplement all other applicable standards and requirements of these regulations. Restrictions and conditions imposed by this district shall be limited to the following:

1.    Prohibiting otherwise permitted or special or conditional uses and accessory uses or making an otherwise permitted use a special or conditional use;

2.    Decreasing the number or average density of dwelling units that may be constructed on the site;

3.    Increasing minimum lot size or lot width;

4.    Increasing minimum setback requirements in any yard;

5.    Restrictions on access to abutting properties and streets, including specific design features; and

6.    Any other development standards required or authorized by these regulations.

B.    Method of Adoption. Modifications and restrictions imposed through this district are considered part of this zoning text and accompanying map. All property included in the district shall be identified on the Official Zoning Maps by adding the letters”P-O” and a number to the base zoning district symbol. The number shall be assigned when the application is filed and numbers shall run consecutively beginning with number 1. The effectuating ordinance for zoning or rezoning property to the P-O district shall specifically state the modifications or restrictions imposed pursuant to Section 4-106(A). Such modifications and restrictions imposed shall be considered part of the text of these regulations and a violation of them shall be a violation of these regulations. The modifications and restrictions shall continue in full force and effect until revised in accordance with the same amendment procedures as for the approval of the original P-O District.

C.    Effect of P-O District Designation. When the P-O District zoning designation is applied in combination with an underlying zoning district, it shall always be considered to result in a more restrictive designation than if the district did not have the P-O classification. In the event that the P-O designation was not originally requested as part of the rezoning application but is added instead during the public hearing process, renotification and readvertisement of the requested zoning amendment shall not be required.